Based on his concept of the unconscious mind (a process in the mind that occurs automatically), archetypes, in Jungian psychology, are derived from highly developed elements of the “collective unconscious,” which is a structure of the unconscious mind shared among beings of the same kind.
There are four major Jungian archetypes:
The shadow. Often appearing in the form of dreams or visions, the shadow comprises of “repressed ideas, weaknesses, desires, instincts and shortcomings.”
The anima and the animus. This represents one’s “true self” as opposed to the image people present others in their waking life.
The persona. This refers to the aspect of someone’s character according to how he or she wishes to present himself or herself to the world.
Archetypes, according to Jung, are not static nor are they fixed. Apart from these, other archetypes may be related.
Image source: psychology.about.com